Synchrotron emitting Komissarov torus around naked singularities

German D. Prada-Méndez, F. D. Lora-Clavijo, J. M. Velásquez-Cadavid
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc), High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE)
Classical and Quantum Gravity, Volume 40, Number 19, 31 August 2023
2023-08-16 16:00:00
From a theoretical perspective, matter accretion processes around compact objects are highly relevant as they serve as a natural laboratory to test general relativity in the strong field regime. This enables us to validate fundamental concepts such as the no-hair theorem, the cosmic censorship hypothesis, and the existence of alternative solutions to Einstein's equations that mimic the effects of black holes. In this study, we analyze the emission spectra of geometrically thick accretion disks, referred to as Polish doughnuts, around naked singularities described by the $q$-metric. To begin, we revisit the construction of equilibrium configurations of magnetized tori in this spacetime and evaluate the role of the deformation parameter over these configurations. Once we have systematically studied the disks in this spacetime, we use the \texttt{OSIRIS} code to perform a backward ray-tracing method, resulting in the first simulations of the intensity map and emission profiles of magnetized tori within this metric. Furthermore, we validate the effect of both the quadrupole moment and the angular momentum on observable quantities such as flux and intensity for optically thin and thick disks, since for values of $ q < 0$, which correspond to objects with prolate deformation, and which in turn, are constructed with higher values of angular momentum, the emission spectrum exhibits higher intensity than that obtained for Schwarzschild's spacetime. Hence, we find a first differential feature that distinguishes tori formed around naked singularities from those around static black holes.
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