A Simple Model of Energy Threshold for Snowball Chambers

M. Szydagis, C. Levy, A. E. Bolotnikov, M. V. Diwan, G. J. Homenides, A. C. Kamaha, J. Martin, R. Rosero, M. Yeh
High Energy Physics - Experiment, High Energy Physics - Experiment (hep-ex), Instrumentation and Detectors (physics.ins-det)
2024-01-26 00:00:00
Cloud and bubble chambers have historically been used for particle detection, capitalizing on supersaturation and superheating, respectively. Here we present new results from a prototype snowball chamber, in which an incoming particle triggers crystallization of a purified, supercooled liquid. We demonstrate, for the first time, simulation agreement with our first results from 5 years ago: the higher temperature of the freezing of water and significantly shorter time spent supercooled with respect to control in the presence of a Cf-252 fission neutron source. This is accomplished by combining Geant4 modeling of neutron interactions with the Seitz nucleation model used in superheated bubble chambers, including those seeking dark matter. We explore the possible implications of using this new technology for GeV-scale WIMP searches, especially in terms of spin-dependent proton coupling, and report the first supercooling of WbLS (water-based liquid scintillator).
PDF: A Simple Model of Energy Threshold for Snowball Chambers.pdf
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