The background model of the CUPID-Mo $0\nu\beta\beta$ experiment

Mo Collaboration, C. Augier, A. S. Barabash, F. Bellini, G. Benato, M. Beretta, L. Bergé, J. Billard, Yu. A. Borovlev, L. Cardani, N. Casali, A. Cazes, E. Celi, M. Chapellier, D. Chiesa, I. Dafinei, F. A. Danevich, M. De Jesus, P. de Marcillac, T. Dixon, L. Dumoulin, K. Eitel, F. Ferri, B. K. Fujikawa, J. Gascon, L. Gironi, A. Giuliani, V. D. Grigorieva, M. Gros, D. L. Helis, H. Z. Huang, R. Huang, L. Imbert, J. Johnston, A. Juillard, H. Khalife, M. Kleifges, V. V. Kobychev, Yu. G. Kolomensky, S. I. Konovalov, J. Kotila, P. Loaiza, L. Ma, E. P. Makarov, R. Mariam, L. Marini, S. Marnieros, X. F. Navick, C. Nones, E. B. Norman, E. Olivieri, J. L. Ouellet, L. Pagnanini, L. Pattavina, M. Pavan, H. Peng, G. Pessina, S. Pirro, D. V. Poda, O. G. Polischuk, S. Pozzi, E. Previtali, Th. Redon, A. Rojas, S. Rozov, V. Sanglard, J. A. Scarpaci, B. Schmidt, Y. Shen, V. N. Shlegel, V. Singh, C. Tomei, V. I. Tretyak, V. I. Umatov, L. Vagneron, M. Velázquez, B. Welliver, L. Winslow, M. Xue, E. Yakushev, M. Zarytskyy, A. S. Zolotarova
High Energy Physics - Experiment, High Energy Physics - Experiment (hep-ex), Instrumentation and Detectors (physics.ins-det)
2023-05-01 16:00:00
CUPID-Mo, located in the Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane (France), was a demonstrator for the next generation $0\nu\beta\beta$ decay experiment, CUPID. It consisted of an array of 20 enriched Li$_{2}$$ ^{100}$MoO$_4$ bolometers and 20 Ge light detectors and has demonstrated that the technology of scintillating bolometers with particle identification capabilities is mature. Furthermore, CUPID-Mo can inform and validate the background prediction for CUPID. In this paper, we present a detailed model of the CUPID-Mo backgrounds. This model is able to describe well the features of the experimental data and enables studies of the $2\nu\beta\beta$ decay and other processes with high precision. We also measure the radio-purity of the Li$_{2}$$^{100}$MoO$_4$ crystals which are found to be sufficient for the CUPID goals. Finally, we also obtain a background index in the region of interest of 3.7$^{+0.9}_{-0.8}$(stat)$^{+1.5}_{-0.7}$(syst)$\times10^{-3}$counts/$\Delta$E$_{FWHM}$/mol$_{iso}$/yr, the lowest in a bolometric $0\nu\beta\beta$ decay experiment.
PDF: The background model of the CUPID-Mo $0\nu\beta\beta$ experiment.pdf
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