Octet baryon isovector charges from $N_f = 2 + 1$ lattice QCD

Gunnar S. Bali, Sara Collins, Simon Heybrock, Marius Löffler, Rudolf Rödl, Wolfgang Söldner, Simon Weishäupl
High Energy Physics - Lattice, High Energy Physics - Lattice (hep-lat), High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)
Phys.Rev.D 108, 034512 (2023)
2023-05-07 16:00:00
We determine the axial, scalar and tensor isovector charges of the nucleon, sigma and cascade baryons as well as the difference between the up and down quark masses, $m_u-m_d$. We employ gauge ensembles with $N_f=2+1$ non-perturbatively improved Wilson fermions at six values of the lattice spacing in the range $a\approx (0.039 - 0.098) \,$fm, generated by the Coordinated Lattice Simulations (CLS) effort. The pion mass $M_\pi$ ranges from around $430 \, $MeV down to a near physical value of $130 \, $MeV and the linear spatial lattice extent $L$ varies from $6.5\,M_{\pi}^{-1}$ to $3.0\,M_{\pi}^{-1}$, where $L M_\pi \geq 4$ for the majority of the ensembles. This allows us to perform a controlled interpolation/extrapolation of the charges to the physical mass point in the infinite volume and continuum limit. Investigating SU(3) flavour symmetry, we find moderate symmetry breaking effects for the axial charges at the physical quark mass point, while no significant effects are found for the other charges within current uncertainties.
PDF: Octet baryon isovector charges from $N_f = 2 + 1$ lattice QCD.pdf
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