Proton Helicity GPDs from Lattice QCD

Joshua Miller, Shohini Bhattacharya, Krzysztof Cichy, Martha Constantinou, Xiang Gao, Andreas Metz, Swagato Mukherjee, Peter Petreczky, Fernanda Steffens, Yong Zhao
High Energy Physics - Lattice, High Energy Physics - Lattice (hep-lat), High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph), High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)
2024-03-08 00:00:00
First lattice QCD calculations of $x$-dependent GPD have been performed in the (symmetric) Breit frame, where the momentum transfer is evenly divided between the initial and final hadron states. However, employing the asymmetric frame, we are able to obtain proton GPDs for multiple momentum transfers in a computationally efficient setup. In these proceedings, we focus on the helicity twist-2 GPD at zero skewness that gives access to the $\widetilde{H}$ GPD. We will cover the implementation of the asymmetric frame, its comparison to the Breit frame, and the dependence of the GPD on the squared four-momentum transfer, $-t$. The calculation is performed on an $N_f = 2+1+1$ ensemble of twisted mass fermions with a clover improvement. The mass of the pion for this ensemble is roughly 260 MeV.
PDF: Proton Helicity GPDs from Lattice QCD.pdf
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