Sampling Nambu-Goto theory using Normalizing Flows

Michele Caselle, Elia Cellini, Alessandro Nada
High Energy Physics - Lattice, High Energy Physics - Lattice (hep-lat)
2023-09-25 16:00:00
Effective String Theory (EST) is a non-perturbative framework used to describe confinement in Yang-Mills theory through the modeling of the interquark potential in terms of vibrating strings. An efficient numerical method to simulate such theories where analytical studies are challenging is still lacking. However, in recent years a new class of deep generative models called Normalizing Flows (NFs) has been proposed to sample lattice field theories more efficiently than traditional Monte Carlo methods. In this contribution, we show a proof of concept of the application of NFs to EST regularized on the lattice. Namely, we introduce Physics-Informed Stochastic Normalizing Flows and we use them to sample the Nambu-Goto string action with two goals: use the known analytical results of this theory as a benchmark and demonstrate the efficiency of our method in obtaining new results of physical interest and in particular in providing a numerical proof for a conjecture regarding the width of the string.
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