Jin-Han Liang, Yi Liao, Xiao-Dong Ma, Hao-Lin Wang

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

journal:

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date:

2023-09-20 16:00:00

Abstract

We introduce the effective field theory of two different light dark particles interacting with the standard model (SM) light states in a single vertex, termed dark sector effective field theory (DSEFT). We focus on the new light particles with spin up to 1 and being real in essence, namely, new real scalars $\phi$ and $S$, Majorana fermions $\chi$ and $\psi$, and real vectors $X_\mu$ and $V_\mu$. In the framework of low energy effective field theory with QED and QCD symmetry, the DSEFT can be classified into six categories, including the scalar-scalar-SM ($\phi S$-SM), fermion-fermion-SM ($\chi\psi$-SM), vector-vector-SM ($X V$-SM), scalar-fermion-SM ($\phi \chi$-SM), scalar-vector-SM ($\phi X$-SM), and fermion-vector-SM ($\chi X$-SM) cases. For each case, we construct the effective operator basis up to canonical dimension 7, which will cover most interesting phenomenology at low energy. As a phenomenological example, we investigate the longstanding neutron lifetime anomaly through the neutron dark decay modes $n \to \chi \phi \text{ or } \chi X$ from the effective interactions in the fermion-scalar-SM or fermion-vector-SM case. When treating the light fermion as a dark matter candidate, we also explore the constraints from DM-neutron annihilation signal at Super-Kamiokande. We find the neutron dark decay in each scenario can accommodate the anomaly, at the same time, without contradicting with the Super-Kamiokande limit.