Flavor symmetries in the leptonic Yukawa sector of the 3HDM

Author:

Bartosz Dziewit, Joris Vergeest, Marek Zrałek

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

journal:

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date:

2023-12-03 00:00:00

Abstract

As an extension of the Standard Model (SM), the 3HDM (Three-Higgs-Doublet Model) defines additional relationships among the fermions. In the visible leptonic Yukawa sector of a minimal 3HDM, we determine and classify the existing flavor symmetries under discrete non-abelian groups up to order 1032. The three Higgs doublets form a flavor triplet, and the admission of unfaithful representations enriches the set of candidate flavor transformations greatly. The many existing symmetries give rise (after EWSB) to a large number of inequivalent mass matrices that imply lepton properties, which in turn are evaluated against experimental data. In the 3HDM the mass hierarchy of the charged leptons leads to a too small $\Delta m^2_{21} / \Delta m^2_{32}$ ratio of the neutrinos. More generally, it is proven that the lepton mass matrices implied by discrete flavor symmetries are in disagreement with the observed data for all groups investigated, both when it is assumed that the neutrinos have the Dirac or Majorana nature.