Momentum space oscillation properties of vortex states collision

Author:

Pengcheng Zhao

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

journal:

--

date:

2023-12-01 00:00:00

Abstract

A qualitative calculation and discussion of two vortex states collisions are given in the scalar $\phi ^4$ model. Three kinds of vortex states -- Bessel, general monochromatic, and Laguerre-Gaussian vortex states -- are considered. It is found that the total final momentum distribution in collision of physical vortex states displays general topological structures, which depend on the initial vortex states' topological charges, which are proportional to the orbital angular momenta. This peculiar matching provides a novel observable, the topological number of momentum distribution, and it may represent a new fascinating research direction in particle physics. We also find that the situation when the angular momenta of the two colliding Laguerre-Gaussian states combine to zero can be recognized by the total final momentum distribution close to the collision axis. Both features can be used to measure the orbital angular momentum of vortex states.