Neutrino charge radius and electromagnetic dipole moments via scalar and vector leptoquarks

Author:

A. Bolaños-Carrera, M. Guiot-Lomelí, G. Tavares-Velasco

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

journal:

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date:

2023-08-13 16:00:00

Abstract

The one-loop contribution of scalar and vector leptoquarks (LQs) to the electromagnetic properties (NEPs) of massive Dirac neutrinos is presented via an effective Lagrangian approach, with emphasis on the effective neutrino charge radius (NCR), which has never been calculated and is obtained by the background field formalism in a Yang-Mills-like scenario for gauge LQs. Analytical results for nonzero neutrino mass are presented in terms of both Feynman-parameter integrals and Passarino-Veltman scalar functions, which can be useful to obtain the NEPs of heavy neutrinos, out of which approximate expressions are obtained for light neutrinos. For the numerical analysis we concentrate on the only renormalizable scalar and vector LQ representations that do not need extra symmetries to forbid tree-level proton decay. Constraints on the parameter space consistent with current experimental data are then discussed and it is found that the LQ representations $\widetilde{R}_2$ and $U_1$ could yield the largest contributions to the NEPs provided that they have couplings to both left- and right-handed neutrinos of the order of $O(1)$. For a LQ mass of $1.5$ TeV, the magnetic dipole moment (MDM) of the tau neutrino can be of the order of $10^{-9}$ $\mu_B$, whereas its neutrino electric dipole moment (EDM) can reach values as high as $10^{-20}$-$10^{-19}$ ecm. On the other hand, the NCR can reach values up to $10^{-35}$ cm$^2$ regardless of the neutrino flavor and even in the absence of right-handed neutrinos. In the latter scenario, the EDM vanishes and the contribution to neutrino MDM would be negligible, of the order of $10^{-14}$ $\mu_B$ for the tau neutrino, whereas those for the muon and electron neutrinos would be about two and seven orders of magnitude smaller, respectively. Our estimates could be severely suppressed due to a possible suppression of the LQ coupling constants.