High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph), High Energy Physics - Theory (hep-th)

journal:

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date:

2023-12-05 00:00:00

Abstract

The QED Dyson-Schwinger equation for the photon-fermion one-particle irreducible Green function, the photon-fermion vertex, is investigated using a Ball-Chiu description for its longitudinal part, together with the K{\i}z{\i}lersu-Reenders-Pennington basis for its transverse part. Exact expressions for all the transverse form factors are derived from the vertex Dyson-Schwinger equation. Furthermore, feeding the Dyson-Schwinger equation with a simplified vertex that goes beyond the perturbative solution, some of the results of the one-loop perturbative calculation are recovered in a more general framework. The approach allows also exact results for the on-shell vertex, that encode the anomalous magnetic and electric fermion couplings, and for its soft photon limit. The investigation of the chiral limit of the photon-fermion vertex shows that a limited number of transverse form factors are required, a result that, once more, is in good agreement with a one-loop calculation for QED but that appears in a more general framework. The results derived for the photon-fermion vertex can be extended easily to the quark-gluon vertex after proper modifications.