Peccei-Quinn mechanism and axion interactions in the 3-3-1 model with Cosmological Inflation

Author:

H. N. Long, L. T. Hue

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

journal:

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date:

2023-10-03 16:00:00

Abstract

Based on the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) assignment, the PQ charge operator in the 3-3-1 model with Cosmological Inflation is constructed in terms of diagonal generators $T_3$ and $T_8$ of the $SU(3)_L$ subgroup. The formula shows that difference of PQ charges of up and down quarks is 2, i.e., $\De Q_A =2$, while for electric charge, are assumed to be equal, while the ($Q_A$) are opposite. PQ charge of neutral scalars equal $\pm 2$, while for charged scalars, it vanishes. The couplings of axion with fermions are presented. To have correct kinetic term for the axion, the PQ scale $f_{a}$ is to be VEV of the singlet scalar boson, namely, $f_{a}= v_\phi$. The photon couples to charged particles only, while in this model, the axion does not couple to charged scalar/gauge bosons. The point is worth emphasizing that the axion has doubly derivative coupling with scalar playing the role of inflaton. The new effects mainly happen in the energy region from $10^7 \, \gev$ to $10^{11} \, GeV$. The chiral effective Lagrangian as usually provides axion mass consistent with model-independent prediction.