Predicting Quadrupole deformation via anisotropic flow and transverse momentum spectra in isotopic $\mathbf{\prescript{128-135}{54}{\mathrm{Xe}}}$ collisions at LHC

Author:

Saraswati Pandey, B. K. Singh

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)

journal:

--

date:

2023-12-10 00:00:00

Abstract

In the hydrodynamical description of heavy-ion collisions, the elliptic flow $\mathrm{v_{2}}$ and triangular flow $\mathrm{v_{3}}$ are sensitive to the quadrupole deformation $\mathrm{\beta_{2}}$ of the colliding nuclei. We produce $\mathrm{v_{2}}$ and $\mathrm{v_{3}}$ ratios qualitatively and quantitatively in most-central Xe-Xe collisions at 5.44 TeV. By employing HYDJET++ model, we study the sensitivity of anisotropic flow coefficients and mean transverse momentum to the quadrupole deformation and system-size in isotopic Xe-Xe collisions. Flow observables strongly depend on the strength of nucleon-nucleon scattering occuring in even-A and odd-A nuclei. Flow for odd-A nuclei is suppressed in comparison to flow in even-A collisions. There exists a linear inter-dependence between $\mathrm{p_{T}}$ integrated anisotropic flow and nuclear deformation. Mean transverse momentum signifies the fireball temperature in body-body and tip-tip collisions. There exists a negative linear correlation of $\mathrm{\langle p_{T} \rangle}$ with collision system-size and a positive correlation with nuclear deformation. Flow measurements in high-energy, heavy-ion collisions using isotopic collision systems, offer a new precision tool to study nuclear structure physics. Observation of nuclear structure properties like nuclear deformation in a heavy-ion collision such as this would be very interesting.