Rare decays of $B_d$ mesons into four charged leptons in the Standard Model

Author:

A. V. Danilina, N. V. Nikitin

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)

journal:

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date:

2023-09-19 16:00:00

Abstract

We present first theoretical predictions for various observables related to the $\bar B_d \to \mu^+ \mu^- e^+ e^-$ decay within the framework of the Standard Model. Our study encompasses the branching ratios, differential distributions, and forward-backward leptonic asymmetries. To obtain these predictions, we account for several contributions: resonance contribution from $\rho(770)$ and significant contribution $\omega(782)$; contributions from four charmonium resonances: $\psi(3770)$, $\psi(4040)$, $\psi(4160)$, and $\psi(4415)$; additional contributions from the "tails" of $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ resonances; non-resonant contributions arising from virtual photon emission by a $b$-quark of $B_d$ meson, bremsstrahlung, and weak annihilation. In our calculations we employ the model of vector meson dominance (VMD) to assess the resonance contributions accurately. We provide the predictions for the branching ratio of the $\bar B_d \to \mu^+ \mu^- e^+ e^-$ decay both with and without the resonant contribution from $\omega(782)$.