Renormalization of a Standard Model Extension with a Dark Abelian Sector and Predictions for the W-Boson Mass

Author:

Stefan Dittmaier, Jonas Rehberg, Heidi Rzehak

Keyword:

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)

journal:

FR-PHENO-2023-07

date:

2023-08-14 16:00:00

Abstract

The described Dark Abelian Sector Model (DASM) extends the Standard Model (SM) by a ``dark'' sector containing a spontaneously broken $U(1)_\text{d}$ gauge group. Keeping this dark sector quite generic we only add one additional Higgs boson, one Dirac fermion, and right-handed SM-like neutrinos to the SM. Using the only two singlet operators of the SM with dimension less than 4 (the $U(1)_\text{Y}$ field-strength tensor and the SM Higgs mass operator $|\Phi|^2$) as well as the right-handed neutrino fields we open up three portals to the dark sector. Dark sectors, such as the one of the DASM, that introduce an additional Higgs boson $\text{H}$ as well as an additional $\text{Z}'$ gauge boson can have a large influence on the predictions for electroweak precision observables and even accommodate possible dark matter candidates. We consider one of the two Higgs bosons to be the known $125\,\text{GeV}$ Higgs boson and parameterize the extension of the scalar sector by the mass of the second Higgs boson, the Higgs mixing angle, and a Higgs self-coupling. We do not assume any mass hierarchy in the gauge sector and use the mass of the additional $\text{Z}'$ boson and a corresponding gauge-boson mixing angle to parameterize the extension of the gauge sector. The fermion sector is parameterized by the mass of the additional fermion and a fermion mixing angle. We describe an on-shell as well as an $\overline{\text{MS}}$ renormalization scheme for the DASM sectors and give explicit results for the renormalization constants at the 1-loop level, and, thus, prepare the ground for full NLO predictions for collider observables in the DASM. As a first example, we provide the DASM prediction for the W-boson mass derived from muon decay.