Bordifications of the moduli spaces of tropical curves and abelian varieties, and unstable cohomology of $\mathrm{GL}_g(\mathbb{Z})$ and $\mathrm{SL}_g(\mathbb{Z})$

Author:

Francis Brown

Keyword:

Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG), Algebraic Topology (math.AT), Number Theory (math.NT)

journal:

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date:

2023-09-21 16:00:00

Abstract

We construct bordifications of the moduli spaces of tropical curves and of tropical abelian varieties, and show that the tropical Torelli map extends to their bordifications. We prove that the classical bi-invariant differential forms studied by Cartan extend to these bordifications by studying their behaviour at infinity, and consequently deduce infinitely many new non-zero unstable cohomology classes in the cohomology of the general and special linear groups $\mathrm{GL}_g(\mathbb{Z})$ and $\mathrm{SL}_g(\mathbb{Z})$. In addition, we completely determine the cohomology of the link of the moduli space of tropical abelian varieties within a certain range, and show that it contains the stable cohomology of the general linear group. In the process, we define new transcendental invariants associated to the minimal vectors of quadratic forms, and show that part of the cohomology of the general linear group $\mathrm{GL}_g(\mathbb{Z})$ admits the structure of a motive.