Cyclic Coverings of genus 2 curves of Sophie Germain type

J. C. Naranjo, A. Ortega, I. Spelta
Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG)
2023-06-02 16:00:00
We consider cyclic unramified coverings of degree d of irreducible complex smooth genus 2 curves and their corresponding Prym varieties. They provide natural examples of polarized abelian varieties with automorphisms of order d. The rich geometry of the associated Prym map, has been studied in several papers, and the cases d=2, 3, 5, 7 are quite well-understood. Nevertheless, very few is known for higher values of d. In this article we investigate if the covering can be reconstructed from its Prym variety, that is, if the generic Prym Torelli Theorem holds for these coverings. We prove this is so for the so-called Sophie Germain prime numbers, that is, for $d\ge 11$ prime such that $(d-1)/2$ is also prime. We use results of arithmetic nature on $GL_2$-type abelian varieties combined with theta-duality techniques.
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