Derived binomial rings I: integral Betti cohomology of log schemes

Dmitry Kubrak, Georgii Shuklin, Alexander Zakharov
Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG), Algebraic Topology (math.AT), K-Theory and Homology (math.KT)
2023-08-01 16:00:00
We introduce and study a derived version $\mathbf L\mathrm{Bin}$ of the binomial monad on the unbounded derived category $\mathscr D(\mathbb Z)$ of $\mathbb Z$-modules. This monad acts naturally on singular cohomology of any topological space, and does so more efficiently than the more classical monad $\mathbf L\mathrm{Sym}_{\mathbb Z}$. We compute all free derived binomial rings on abelian groups concentrated in a single degree, in particular identifying $C_*^{\mathrm{sing}}(K(\mathbb Z,n),\mathbb Z)$ with $\mathbf L\mathrm{Bin}(\mathbb Z[-n])$ via a different argument than in works of To\"en and Horel. Using this we show that the singular cohomology functor $C_*^{\mathrm{sing}}(-,\mathbb Z)$ induces a fully faithful embedding of the category of connected nilpotent spaces of finite type to the category of derived binomial rings. We then also define a version $\mathbf L \mathcal Bin_X$ of the derived binomial monad on the $\infty$-category of $\mathscr D(\mathbb Z)$-valued sheaves on a sufficiently nice topological space $X$. As an application we give a closed formula for the singular cohomology of an fs log complex analytic space $(X,\mathcal M)$: namely we identify the pushforward $R\pi_*\underline{\mathbb Z}$ for the corresponding Kato-Nakayama space $\pi\colon X^{\mathrm{log}}\rightarrow X$ with the free coaugmented derived binomial ring on the 2-term exponential complex $\mathcal O_X\rightarrow \mathcal M^{\mathrm{gr}}$. This gives an extension of Steenbrink's formula and its generalization by the second author to $\mathbb Z$-coefficients.
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