Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG), Commutative Algebra (math.AC), History and Overview (math.HO)

journal:

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date:

2023-09-24 16:00:00

Abstract

By Rabinowitsch' trick Hilbert's Nullstellensatz follows from the weak Nullstellensatz (Rabinowitsch 1929). The weak version can be shown with elimination theory. Hilbert's original proof is also based on successive elimination. Lasker obtained a new proof using primary decomposition. We describe these early proofs and place them in the development of commutative algebra up to the appearance of van der Waerden's Moderne Algebra. We also explain Hentzelt's Nullstellensatz.