Geometric Properties of Planar and Spherical Interception Curves
Yagub N. Aliyev
Mathematics, Differential Geometry, Differential Geometry (math.DG), Optimization and Control (math.OC)
12(7), 704Axioms (ISSN 2075-1680) Special Issue "Advances in Mathematics and Its Applications II"
In the paper, some geometric properties of the plane interception curve defined by a nonlinear ordinary differential equation are discussed. Its parametric representation is used to find the limits of some triangle elements associated with the curve. These limits have some connections with the lemniscate constants A,B and Gauss's constant G, which were used to compare with the classical pursuit curve. The analogous spherical geometry problem is solved using a spherical curve defined by the Gudermannian function. It is shown that the results agree with the angle-preserving property of Mercator and Stereographic projections. The Mercator and Stereographic projections also reveal the symmetry of this curve with respect to Spherical and Logarithmic Spirals. The geometric properties of the spherical curve are proved in two ways, analytically and using a lemma about spherical angles. A similar lemma for the planar case is also mentioned. The paper shows symmetry/asymmetry between the spherical and planar cases and the derivation of the properties of these curves as limiting cases of some plane and spherical geometry results.