On a new class of fine compactified Jacobians of nodal curves

Filippo Viviani
Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG)
2023-10-30 16:00:00
We introduce a new class of fine compactified Jacobians for nodal curves, that we call fine compactified Jacobians of vine type, or simply fine V-compactified Jacobians. This class is strictly larger than the class of fine classical compactified Jacobians, as constructed by Oda-Seshadri, Simpson, Caporaso and Esteves. Inspired by a recent preprint of Pagani-Tommasi, we characterize fine V-compactified Jacobians as the fine compactified Jacobians that can arise as limits of Jacobians of smooth curves under a one-parameter smoothing of the nodal curve or in its semiuniversal deformation space. Furthermore, fine V-compactified Jacobians are exactly the ones that gives a compactification of the N\'eron model of the Jacobian of the generic fiber of a one-parameter regular smoothing of the nodal curve. Finally, we give a combinatorial characterization of fine V-compactified Jacobians in terms of their poset of orbits for the action of the generalized Jacobian.
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