On the monodromy of holomorphic differential systems

Indranil Biswas, Sorin Dumitrescu, Lynn Heller, Sebastian Heller, João Pedro dos Santos
Mathematics, Differential Geometry, Differential Geometry (math.DG), Complex Variables (math.CV)
2023-10-24 16:00:00
First we survey and explain the strategy of some recent results that construct holomorphic $\text{sl}(2, \mathbb C)$-differential systems over some Riemann surfaces $\Sigma_g$ of genus $g\geq 2$, satisfying the condition that the image of the associated monodromy homomorphism is (real) Fuchsian \cite{BDHH} or some cocompact Kleinian subgroup $$\Gamma \subset \text{SL}(2, \mathbb C)$$ as in \cite{BDHH2}. As a consequence, there exist holomorphic maps from $\Sigma_g$ to the quotient space $\text{SL}(2, \mathbb C)/ \Gamma$, where $\Gamma \subset \text{SL}(2, \mathbb C)$ is a cocompact lattice, that do not factor through any elliptic curve \cite{BDHH2}. This answers positively a question of Ghys in \cite{Gh}; the question was also raised by Huckleberry and Winkelmann in \cite{HW}. Then we prove that when $M$ is a Riemann surface, a Torelli type theorem holds for the affine group scheme over $\mathbb C$ obtained from the category of holomorphic connections on {\it \'etale trivial} holomorphic bundles. After that, we explain how to compute in a simple way the holonomy of a holomorphic connection on a free vector bundle. Finally, for a compact K\"ahler manifold $M$, we investigate the neutral Tannakian category given by the holomorphic connections on \'etale trivial holomorphic bundles over $M$. If $\varpi$ (respectively, $\Theta$) stands for the affine group scheme over $\mathbb C$ obtained from the category of connections (respectively, connections on free (trivial) vector bundles), then the natural inclusion produces a morphism $v:{\mathcal O}(\Theta)\longrightarrow {\mathcal O}(\varpi)$ of Hopf algebras. We present a description of the transpose of $v$ in terms of the iterated integrals.
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