On the Number of Real Zeros of Random Sparse Polynomial Systems

Author:

Alperen A. Ergür, Máté L. Telek, Josué Tonelli-Cueto

Keyword:

Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG), Probability (math.PR)

journal:

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date:

2023-06-10 16:00:00

Abstract

Consider a random system $\mathfrak{f}_1(x)=0,\ldots,\mathfrak{f}_n(x)=0$ of $n$ random real polynomials in $n$ variables, where each $\mathfrak{f}_k$ has a prescribed set of exponent vectors in a set $A_k\subseteq \mathbb{Z}^n$ of size $t_k$. Assuming that the coefficients of the $\mathfrak{f}_k$ are independent Gaussian of any variance, we prove that the expected number of zeros of the random system in the positive orthant is bounded from above by $4^{-n} \prod_{k=1}^n t_k(t_k-1)$. This result is a probabilisitc version of Kushnirenko's conjecture; it provides a bound that only depends on the number of terms and is independent of their degree.