Structures theorems and applications of non-isomorphic surjective endomorphisms of smooth projective threefolds

Author:

Sheng Meng, De-Qi Zhang

Keyword:

Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG), Dynamical Systems (math.DS), Number Theory (math.NT)

journal:

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date:

2023-09-12 16:00:00

Abstract

Let $f:X\to X$ be a non-isomorphic (i.e., $\text{deg } f>1$) surjective endomorphism of a smooth projective threefold $X$. We prove that any birational minimal model program becomes $f$-equivariant after iteration, provided that $f$ is $\delta$-primitive. Here $\delta$-primitive means that there is no $f$-equivariant (after iteration) dominant rational map $\pi:X\dashrightarrow Y$ to a positive lower-dimensional projective variety $Y$ such that the first dynamical degree remains unchanged. This way, we further determine the building blocks of $f$. As the first application, we prove the Kawaguchi-Silverman conjecture for every non-isomorphic surjective endomorphism of a smooth projective threefold. As the second application, we reduce the Zariski dense orbit conjecture for $f$ to a terminal threefold with only $f$-equivariant Fano contractions.