The Chow Ring Classes of $\mathrm{PGL}_3$ Orbit Closures in $\mathbb{G}(1, 5)$

Gaurav, Goel
Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG)
2023-10-27 16:00:00
The space of all pencils of conics in the plane $\mathbb{P} V$ (where $\dim V = 3$) is a projective Grassmannian $\mathbb{G} (1, \mathbb{P} \mathrm{Sym}^2 V^*)$ and admits a natural $\mathrm{PGL}(V)$ action. It is a classical theorem that this action has exactly eight orbits, and in fact that the orbit of a pencil $\ell \subset \mathbb{P} \mathrm{Sym}^2 V^*$ is determined completely by its position with respect to the Veronese surface $X \subset \mathbb{P} \mathrm{Sym}^2V^*$ of rank 1 conics and its secant variety $S(X) \subset \mathbb{P} \mathrm{Sym}^2 V^*$, which is the cubic fourfold of rank 2 conics. In this paper, we present some geometric descriptions of these orbits. Then, using a mixture of direct enumerative techniques and some Chern class computations, we present a calculation of the classes of the orbit closures in the Chow ring of this Grassmannian (and consequently also of their degrees under the Pl\"ucker embedding $\mathbb{G} (1, \mathbb{P} \mathrm{Sym}^2 V^*)\hookrightarrow \mathbb{P} \Lambda^2 \mathrm{Sym}^2 V^*$).
PDF: The Chow Ring Classes of $\mathrm{PGL}_3$ Orbit Closures in $\mathbb{G}(1, 5)$.pdf
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