The geometric concentration theorem

Olivier Haution
Mathematics, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Geometry (math.AG), K-Theory and Homology (math.KT)
2023-08-09 16:00:00
We establish a purely geometric form of the concentration theorem (also called localization theorem) for actions of a linearly reductive group $G$ on an affine scheme $X$ over an affine base scheme $S$. It asserts the existence of a $G$-representation without trivial summand over $S$, which over $X$ acquires an equivariant section vanishing precisely at the fixed locus of $X$. As a consequence, we show that the equivariant stable motivic homotopy theory of a scheme with an action of a linearly reductive group is equivalent to that of the fixed locus, upon inverting appropriate maps, namely the Euler classes of representations without trivial summands. We also discuss consequences for equivariant cohomology theories obtained using Borel's construction. This recovers most known forms of the concentration theorem in algebraic geometry, and yields generalizations valid beyond the setting of actions of diagonalisable groups, and that of oriented cohomology theories. Finally, we derive a version of Smith theory for motivic cohomology, following the approach of Dwyer--Wilkerson in topology.
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