Brasselet, the second author and Yokura introduced Hodge-theoretic Hirzebruch-type characteristic classes $IT_{1, \ast}$, and conjectured that they are equal to the Goresky-MacPherson $L$-classes for pure-dimensional compact complex algebraic varieties. In this paper, we show that the framework of Gysin coherent characteristic classes of singular complex algebraic varieties developed by the first and third author in previous work applies to the characteristic classes $IT_{1, \ast}$. In doing so, we prove the ambient version of the above conjecture for a certain class of subvarieties in a Grassmannian, including all Schubert subvarieties. Since the homology of Schubert subvarieties injects into the homology of the ambient Grassmannian, this implies the conjecture for all Schubert varieties in a Grassmannian. We also study other algebraic characteristic classes such as Chern classes and Todd classes (or their variants for the intersection cohomology sheaves) within the framework of Gysin coherent characteristic classes.