In this article we make a thorough classification of (not necessarily complete) $n$-dimensional vacuum static spaces $(M,g,f)$ with harmonic curvature and, as a corollary, obtain a classification of complete vacuum static spaces with harmonic curvature. Indeed, we showed that $(M,g,f)$ is locally isometric to one of the following four types; (i) the Riemannian product of an Einstein manifold and a vacuum static space, (ii) the warped product over an interval with an Einstein manifold as fiber, (iii) an Einstein manifold, (iv) the Riemannian product of two Einstein manifolds.