Anti-Phase Synchronization of Chaos in PT-Symmetric Nonlinear Oscillators

Jyoti Prasad Deka
Nonlinear Sciences, Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems, Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (nlin.AO), Chaotic Dynamics (nlin.CD)
2023-08-31 16:00:00
We investigate the temporal dynamics of the PT-Symmetric nonlinear oscillators in the presence of Duffing nonlinearity for two forms of oscillator configuration. In the former, we consider two oscillator coupled to each other. One oscillator is amplified and the other is attenuated. From the bifurcation analysis, we find that the temporal evolution of oscillators exhibit the transition from quasiperiodic to chaotic dynamics. This has been corroborated by the maximal Lyapunov exponent of the system. Furthermore, on investigating the correlation of the time-series using the Pearson's correlation coefficient, it is found that the chaotic system is anti-phase synchronized, whereas the quasiperiodic is not synchronized in any form. The parametric regime where this transition has been observed is from the Unbroken PT regime to the Broken PT regime. Similarly, in the latter configuration with two amplified oscillators coupled to two attenuated oscillators, a similar transition has been observed. But in the neighbourhood of the Exceptional Point (EP) of the system, the system is shown to exhibit in-phase synchronized dynamics as is evident from the correlation analysis.
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