Elliptic billiard with harmonic potential: Classical description

Bernardo Barrera, Juan P. Ruz-Cuen, Julio C. Gutiérrez-Vega
Nonlinear Sciences, Chaotic Dynamics, Chaotic Dynamics (nlin.CD), Mathematical Physics (math-ph), Classical Physics (physics.class-ph)
Phys. Rev. E 108, 034205 (2023)
2024-03-13 00:00:00
The classical dynamics of the isotropic two-dimensional harmonic oscillator confined by an elliptic hard wall is discussed. The interplay between the harmonic potential with circular symmetry and the boundary with elliptical symmetry does not spoil the separability in elliptic coordinates; however, it generates non-trivial energy and momentum dependencies in the billiard. We analyze the equi-momentum surfaces in the parameters space and classify the kinds of motion the particle can have in the billiard. The winding numbers and periods of the rotational and librational trajectories are analytically calculated and numerically verified. A remarkable finding is the possibility of having degenerate rotational trajectories with the same energy but different second constant of motion and different caustics and periods. The conditions to get these degenerate trajectories are analyzed. Similarly, we show that obtaining two different rotational trajectories with the same period and second constant of motion but different energy is possible.
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