Fractional electrical impurity

Mario I. Molina
Nonlinear Sciences, Pattern Formation and Solitons, Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS)
2023-10-23 16:00:00
We examine the localized mode and the transmission of plane waves across a capacitive impurity of strength $\Delta$, in a 1D bi-inductive electrical transmission line where the usual discrete Laplacian is replaced by a fractional one characterized by a fractional exponent $s$. In the absence of the impurity, the plane wave dispersion is computed in closed form in terms of hypergeometric functions. It is observed that the bandwidth decreases steadily, as $s$ decreases towards zero, reaching a minimum width at $s=0$. The localized mode energy and spatial profiles are computed in close form v\`{i}a lattice Green functions. The profiles show a remnant of the staggered-unstaggered symmetry that is common in non-fractional chains. The width of the localized mode decreases with decreasing $s$, becoming completely localized at the impurity site at $s=0$. The transmission coefficient of plane waves across the impurity is qualitatively similar to its non-fractional counterpart ($s=1$), except at low $s$ values ($s\ll 1$). For a fixed exponent $s$, the transmission decreases with increasing $\Delta$
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