Learning spatio-temporal patterns with Neural Cellular Automata

Alex D. Richardson, Tibor Antal, Richard A. Blythe, Linus J. Schumacher
Nonlinear Sciences, Pattern Formation and Solitons, Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS), Machine Learning (cs.LG), Neural and Evolutionary Computing (cs.NE), Dynamical Systems (math.DS), Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (nlin.AO)
2023-10-22 16:00:00
Neural Cellular Automata (NCA) are a powerful combination of machine learning and mechanistic modelling. We train NCA to learn complex dynamics from time series of images and PDE trajectories. Our method is designed to identify underlying local rules that govern large scale dynamic emergent behaviours. Previous work on NCA focuses on learning rules that give stationary emergent structures. We extend NCA to capture both transient and stable structures within the same system, as well as learning rules that capture the dynamics of Turing pattern formation in nonlinear Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). We demonstrate that NCA can generalise very well beyond their PDE training data, we show how to constrain NCA to respect given symmetries, and we explore the effects of associated hyperparameters on model performance and stability. Being able to learn arbitrary dynamics gives NCA great potential as a data driven modelling framework, especially for modelling biological pattern formation.
PDF: Learning spatio-temporal patterns with Neural Cellular Automata.pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT