The chaotic milling behaviors of interacting swarms after collision
Sayomi Kamimoto, Jason Hindes, Ira Schwartz
Nonlinear Sciences, Pattern Formation and Solitons, Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS), Chaotic Dynamics (nlin.CD)
We consider the problem of characterizing the dynamics of interacting swarms after they collide and form a stationary center of mass. Modeling efforts have shown that the collision of near head-on interacting swarms can produce a variety of post-collision dynamics including coherent milling, coherent flocking, and scattering behaviors. In particular, recent analysis of the transient dynamics of two colliding swarms has revealed the existence of a critical transition whereby the collision results in a combined milling state about a stationary center of mass. In the present work we show that the collision dynamics of two swarms that form a milling state transitions from periodic to chaotic motion as a function of the repulsive force strength and its length scale. We used two existing methods as well as one new technique: Karhunen-Loeve decomposition to show the effective modal dimension chaos lives in, the 0-1 test to identify chaos, and then Constrained Correlation Embedding to show how each swarm is embedded in the other when both swarms combine to form a single milling state after collision. We expect our analysis to impact new swarm experiments which examine the interaction of multiple swarms.