The chaotic milling behaviors of interacting swarms after collision

Sayomi Kamimoto, Jason Hindes, Ira Schwartz
Nonlinear Sciences, Pattern Formation and Solitons, Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS), Chaotic Dynamics (nlin.CD)
2023-05-23 16:00:00
We consider the problem of characterizing the dynamics of interacting swarms after they collide and form a stationary center of mass. Modeling efforts have shown that the collision of near head-on interacting swarms can produce a variety of post-collision dynamics including coherent milling, coherent flocking, and scattering behaviors. In particular, recent analysis of the transient dynamics of two colliding swarms has revealed the existence of a critical transition whereby the collision results in a combined milling state about a stationary center of mass. In the present work we show that the collision dynamics of two swarms that form a milling state transitions from periodic to chaotic motion as a function of the repulsive force strength and its length scale. We used two existing methods as well as one new technique: Karhunen-Loeve decomposition to show the effective modal dimension chaos lives in, the 0-1 test to identify chaos, and then Constrained Correlation Embedding to show how each swarm is embedded in the other when both swarms combine to form a single milling state after collision. We expect our analysis to impact new swarm experiments which examine the interaction of multiple swarms.
PDF: The chaotic milling behaviors of interacting swarms after collision.pdf
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