Topological gap solitons in Rabi Su-Schrieffer-Heeger lattices

Chunyan Li, Yaroslav V. Kartashov
Nonlinear Sciences, Pattern Formation and Solitons, Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS), Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics (cond-mat.mes-hall), Optics (physics.optics)
Phys. Rev. B 108, 184301 (2023)
2023-10-16 16:00:00
In this work, using binary Bose-Einstein condensate we propose a new type of topological insulator that does not explicitly use specially designed potential landscape, but instead utilizes spatially inhomogeneous Rabi coupling between two components, in the form of one- or two-dimensional Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) structure, combined with Zeeman splitting. Such Rabi lattices reveal the appearance of topologically nontrivial phases (including higher-order ones) controlled by spatial shift of the domains with enhanced coupling between condensates within unit cells of the structure, where localized topological states appear at the edges or in the corners of truncated Rabi lattice. We also show that the properties of edge states, their spatial localization, and location of their chemical potential within topological gap can be controlled by interatomic interactions that lead to formation of gap topological edge solitons bifurcating from linear edge states. Such solitons in condensates with inhomogeneous Rabi coupling appear as very robust nonlinear topological objects that do not require any threshold norm for their formation even in two-dimensional geometries, and that can exist in stable form for both attractive and repulsive interactions. Our results demonstrate considerable enhancement of stability of solitons in topological Rabi lattices in comparison with trivial Rabi lattices. They open new prospects for realization of topologically nontrivial phases by spatial engineering of coupling in multicomponent systems.
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