Unpredictable tunneling in a retarded bistable potential

Álvaro G. López, Rahil N. Valani
Nonlinear Sciences, Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems, Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (nlin.AO), Chaotic Dynamics (nlin.CD)
2023-11-24 00:00:00
We have studied the rich dynamics of a damped particle inside an external double-well potential under the influence of state-dependent time-delayed feedback. In certain regions of the parameter space, we observe multistability with the existence of two different attractors (limit cycle or strange attractor) with well separated mean Lyapunov energies forming a two-level system. Bifurcation analysis reveals that, as the effects of the time-delay feedback are enhanced, chaotic transitions emerge between the two wells of the double-well potential for the attractor corresponding to the fundamental energy level. By computing the residence time distributions and the scaling laws near the onset of chaotic transitions, we rationalize this apparent tunneling-like effect in terms of the crisis-induced intermittency phenomenon. Further, we investigate the first passage times in this regime and observe the appearance of a Cantor-like fractal set in the initial history space, a characteristic feature of hyperbolic chaotic scattering. The non-integer value of the uncertainty dimension indicates that the residence time inside each well is unpredictable. Finally, we demonstrate the robustness of this tunneling intermittency as a function of the memory parameter by calculating the largest Lyapunov exponent.
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