Cluster structure of 3$\alpha$+p states in $^{13}$N

J. Bishop, G. V. Rogachev, S. Ahn, M. Barbui, S. M. Cha, E. Harris, C. Hunt, C. H. Kim, D. Kim, S. H. Kim, E. Koshchiy, Z. Luo, C. Park, C. E. Parker, E. C. Pollacco, B. T. Roeder, M. Roosa, A. Saastamoinen, D. P. Scriven
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex)
2024-02-26 00:00:00
Background: Cluster states in $^{13}$N are extremely difficult to measure due to the unavailability of $^{9}$B+$\alpha$ elastic scattering data. Purpose: Using $\beta$-delayed charged-particle spectroscopy of $^{13}$O, clustered states in $^{13}$N can be populated and measured in the 3$\alpha$+p decay channel. Method: One-at-a-time implantation/decay of $^{13}$O was performed with the Texas Active Target Time Projection Chamber (TexAT TPC). 149 $\beta 3\alpha p$ decay events were observed and the excitation function in $^{13}$N reconstructed. Results: Four previously unknown $\alpha$-decaying excited states were observed in $^{13}$N at an excitation energy of 11.3 MeV, 12.4 MeV, 13.1 MeV and 13.7 MeV decaying via the 3$\alpha$+p channel. Conclusion: These states are seen to have a [$^{9}\mathrm{B}(\mathrm{g.s}) \bigotimes \alpha$/ $p+^{12}\mathrm{C}(0_{2}^{+})$], [$^{9}\mathrm{B}(\frac{1}{2}^{+}) \bigotimes \alpha$], [$^{9}\mathrm{B}(\frac{5}{2}^{+}) \bigotimes \alpha$] and [$^{9}\mathrm{B}(\frac{5}{2}^{+}) \bigotimes \alpha$] structure respectively. A previously-seen state at 11.8 MeV was also determined to have a [$p+^{12}\mathrm{C}(\mathrm{g.s.})$/ $p+^{12}\mathrm{C}(0_{2}^{+})$] structure. The overall magnitude of the clustering is not able to be extracted however due to the lack of a total width measurement. Clustered states in $^{13}$N (with unknown magnitude) seem to persist from the addition of a proton to the highly $\alpha$-clustered $^{12}$C. Evidence of the $\frac{1}{2}^{+}$ state in $^{9}$B was also seen to be populated by decays from $^{13}$N$^{\star}$.
PDF: Cluster structure of 3$\alpha$+p states in $^{13}$N.pdf
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