Constraining nucleon effective masses with flow and stopping observables from the S$\pi$RIT experiment

C. Y. Tsang, M. Kurata-Nishimura, M. B. Tsang, W. G. Lynch, Y. X. Zhang, J. Barney, J. Estee, G. Jhang, R. Wang, M. Kaneko, J. W. Lee, T. Isobe, T. Murakami, D. S. Ahn, L. Atar, T. Aumann, H. Baba, K. Boretzky, J. Brzychczyk, G. Cerizza, N. Chiga, N. Fukuda, I. Gasparic, B. Hong, A. Horvat, J. Manfredi, A. B. McIntosh, P. Morfouace, T. Nakamura, N. Nakatsuka, S. Nishimura, H. Otsu, P. Pawlowski, K. Pelczar, D. Rossi, H. Sakurai, C. Santamaria, H. Sato, H. Scheit, R. Shane, Y. Shimizu, H. Simon, A. Snoch, A. Sochocka, T. Sumikama, H. Suzuki, D. Suzuki, H. Takeda, S. Tangwancharoen, H. Törnqvist, Y. Togano, Z. G. Xiao, S. J. Yennello, Y. Zhang, S$π$RIT collaboration
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
2023-12-08 00:00:00
Properties of the nuclear equation of state (EoS) can be probed by measuring the dynamical properties of nucleus-nucleus collisions. In this study, we present the directed flow ($v_1$), elliptic flow ($v_2$) and stopping (VarXZ) measured in fixed target Sn + Sn collisions at 270 AMeV with the S$\pi$RIT Time Projection Chamber. We perform Bayesian analyses in which EoS parameters are varied simultaneously within the Improved Quantum Molecular Dynamics-Skyrme (ImQMD-Sky) transport code to obtain a multivariate correlated constraint. The varied parameters include symmetry energy, $S_0$, and slope of the symmetry energy, $L$, at saturation density, isoscalar effective mass, $m_{s}^*/m_{N}$, isovector effective mass, $m_{v}^{*}/m_{N}$ and the in-medium cross-section enhancement factor $\eta$. We find that the flow and VarXZ observables are sensitive to the splitting of proton and neutron effective masses and the in-medium cross-section. Comparisons of ImQMD-Sky predictions to the S$\pi$RIT data suggest a narrow range of preferred values for $m_{s}^*/m_{N}$, $m_{v}^{*}/m_{N}$ and $\eta$.
PDF: Constraining nucleon effective masses with flow and stopping observables from the S$\pi$RIT experiment.pdf
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