Electromagnetic Properties of Indium Isotopes Elucidate the Doubly Magic Character of 100Sn

J. Karthein, C. M. Ricketts, R. F. Garcia Ruiz, J. Billowes, C. L. Binnersley, T. E. Cocolios, J. Dobaczewski, G. J. Farooq-Smith, K. T. Flanagan, G. Georgiev, W. Gins, R. P. de Groote, F. P. Gustafsson, J. D. Holt, A. Kanellakopoulos, Á. Koszorús, D. Leimbach, K. M. Lynch, T. Miyagi, W. Nazarewicz, G. Neyens, P. -G. Reinhard, B. K. Sahoo, A. R. Vernon, S. G. Wilkins, X. F. Yang, D. T. Yordanov
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th), Atomic Physics (physics.atom-ph)
2023-10-22 16:00:00
Our understanding of nuclear properties in the vicinity of 100Sn, suggested to be the heaviest doubly magic nucleus with equal numbers of protons (Z=50) and neutrons (N=50), has been a long-standing challenge for experimental and theoretical nuclear physics. Contradictory experimental evidence exists on the role of nuclear collectivity in this region of the nuclear chart. Using precision laser spectroscopy, we measured the ground-state electromagnetic moments of indium (Z=49) isotopes approaching the N=50 neutron number down to 101In, and nuclear charge radii of 101-131In spanning almost the complete range between the two major neutron closed-shells at N=50 and N=82. Our results for both nuclear charge radii and quadrupole moments reveal striking parabolic trends as a function of the neutron number, with a clear reduction toward these two neutron closed-shells, thus supporting a doubly magic character of 100Sn. Two complementary nuclear many-body frameworks, density functional theory and ab initio methods, elucidate our findings. A detailed comparison with our experimental results exposes deficiencies of nuclear models, establishing a benchmark for future theoretical developments.
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