Fast neutron production at the LNL Tandem from the $^7$Li($^{14}$N,xn)X reaction

Pablo Torres-Sánchez, Hans Th. J. Steiger, Pierfrancesco Mastinu, Jeffery L. Wyss, Lennard Kayser, Luca Silvestrin, Elizabeth Musacchio-González, Matthias Raphael Stock, David Dörflinger, Ulrike Fahrendholz, Gianfranco Prete, Osvaldo Carletto, Lothar Oberauer, Ignacio Porras
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Instrumentation and Detectors (physics.ins-det)
2023-11-09 16:00:00
Fast neutron beams are of relevance for many scientific and industrial applications. This paper explores fast neutron production using a TANDEM accelerator at the Legnaro National Laboratories, via an energetic ion beam (90 MeV $^{14}N$) onto a lithium target. The high energy models for nuclear collision of FLUKA foresee large neutron yields for reactions of this kind. The experiment aimed at validating the expected neutron yields from FLUKA simulations, using two separate and independent set-ups: one based on the multi-foil activation technique, and the other on the time of flight technique, by using liquid scintillator detectors. The results of the experiment show clear agreement of the measured spectra with the FLUKA simulations, both in the shape and the magnitude of the neutron flux at the measured positions. The neutron spectrum is centered around the 8 MeV range with mild tails, and a maximum neutron energy spanning up to 50 MeV. These advantageous results provide a starting point in the development of fast neutron beams based on high energy ion beams from medium-sized accelerator facilities.
PDF: Fast neutron production at the LNL Tandem from the $^7$Li($^{14}$N,xn)X reaction.pdf
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