Giant Dipole Resonance photofission and photoneutron reactions in $^{238}$U and $^{232}$Th

D. Filipescu, I. Gheorghe, S. Goriely, A. Tudora, K. Nishio, T. Ohtsuki, H. Wang, G. Fan, K. Stopani, F. Suzaki, K. Hirose, M. Inagaki, Y. -W. Lui, T. Ari-izumi, S. Miyamoto, T. Otsuka, H. Utsunomiya
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
2024-02-20 00:00:00
New measurements of photofission and photoneutron reactions on $^{238}$U and $^{232}$Th in the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) energy region have been performed at the laser Compton-scattering $\gamma$-ray source of the NewSUBARU synchrotron radiation facility using a high-and-flat efficiency moderated $^3$He detection array. The neutron-multiplicity sorting of high-multiplicity fission neutron coincidence events has been performed using a dedicated energy dependent, multiple firing statistical treatment. The photoneutron $(\gamma,\,in)$ with $i$~=~1~--~3 and photofission $(\gamma,\,F)$ reactions have been discriminated by considering a Gaussian distribution of prompt-fission-neutron (PFN) multiplicities predicted by the theory of evaporation in sequential neutron emission from excited fission fragments. We report experimental $(\gamma,\,n)$, $(\gamma,\,2n)$, $(\gamma,\,3n)$ and $(\gamma,\,F)$ cross sections, average energies of PFNs and of $(\gamma,\,in)$ photoneutrons, as well as the mean number of PFNs per fission act and the width of the PFNs multiplicity distribution. Based on these primary experimental results and combined with reasonable assumptions, we extract also the first- and second-chance fission contributions. The new experimental results are compared with statistical-model calculations performed with the EMPIRE-3.2 Malta and TALYS-1.964 codes on the present data and with prompt fission emission calculations obtained with the Los Alamos model in the frame of the most probable fragmentation approach with and without sequential emission.
PDF: Giant Dipole Resonance photofission and photoneutron reactions in $^{238}$U and $^{232}$Th.pdf
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