Improved $S$-factor of the $^{12}$C(p,$\gamma$)$^{13}$N reaction at $E\,=\,$320-620~keV and the 422~keV resonance

J. Skowronski, E. Masha, D. Piatti, M. Aliotta, H. Babu, D. Bemmerer, A. Boeltzig, R. Depalo, A. Caciolli, F. Cavanna, L. Csedreki, Z. Fülöp, G. Imbriani, D. Rapagnani, S. Rümmler, K. Schmidt, R. S. Sidhu, T. Szücs, S. Turkat, A. Yadav
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Phys. Rev. C 107, L062801 (2023)
2023-06-14 16:00:00
The 12C(p,{\gamma})13N reaction is the onset process of both the CNO and Hot CNO cycles that drive massive star, Red and Asymptotic Giant Branch star and novae nucleosynthesis. The 12C(p,{\gamma})13N rate affects the final abundances of the stable 12,13C nuclides, with ramifications for meteoritic carbon isotopic abundances and the s-process neutron source strength. Here, a new underground measurement of the 12C(p,{\gamma})13N cross-section is reported. The present data, obtained at the Felsenkeller shallow-underground laboratory in Dresden (Germany), encompass the 320-620 keV center of mass energy range to include the wide and poorly constrained E = 422 keV resonance that dominates the rate at high temperatures. This work S-factor results, lower than literature by 25%, are included in a new comprehensive R-matrix fit, and the energy of the 1+ first excited state of 13N is found to be 2369.6(4) keV, with radiative and proton width of 0.49(3) eV and 34.9(2) keV respectively. A new reaction rate, based on present R-matrix fit and extrapolation, is suggested.
PDF: Improved $S$-factor of the $^{12}$C(p,$\gamma$)$^{13}$N reaction at $E\,=\,$320-620~keV and the 422~keV resonance.pdf
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