Level Structures of $^{56,58}$Ca Cast Doubt on a doubly magic $^{60}$Ca

S. Chen, F. Browne, P. Doornenbal, J. Lee, A. Obertelli, Y. Tsunoda, T. Otsuka, Y. Chazono, G. Hagen, J. D. Holt, G. R. Jansen, K. Ogata, N. Shimizu, Y. Utsuno, K. Yoshida, N. L. Achouri, H. Baba, D. Calvet, F. Château, N. Chiga, A. Corsi, M. L. Cortés, A. Delbart, J. -M. Gheller, A. Giganon, A. Gillibert, C. Hilaire, T. Isobe, T. Kobayashi, Y. Kubota, V. Lapoux, H. N. Liu, T. Motobayashi, I. Murray, H. Otsu, V. Panin, N. Paul, W. Rodriguez, H. Sakurai, M. Sasano, D. Steppenbeck, L. Stuhl, Y. L. Sun, Y. Togano, T. Uesaka, K. Wimmer, K. Yoneda, O. Aktas, T. Aumann, L. X. Chung, F. Flavigny, S. Franchoo, I. Gasparic, R. -B. Gerst, J. Gibelin, K. I. Hahn, D. Kim, T. Koiwai, Y. Kondo, P. Koseoglou, C. Lehr, B. D. Linh, T. Lokotko, M. MacCormick, K. Moschner, T. Nakamura, S. Y. Park, D. Rossi, E. Sahin, P. -A. Söderström, D. Sohler, S. Takeuchi, H. Törnqvist, V. Vaquero, V. Wagner, S. Wang, V. Werner, X. Xu, H. Yamada, D. Yan, Z. Yang, M. Yasuda, L. Zanetti
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
Phys. Lett. B 843 (2023) 138025
2023-07-12 16:00:00
Gamma decays were observed in $^{56}$Ca and $^{58}$Ca following quasi-free one-proton knockout reactions from $^{57,59}$Sc beams at $\approx 200$ MeV/nucleon. For $^{56}$Ca, a $\gamma$ ray transition was measured to be 1456(12) keV, while for $^{58}$Ca an indication for a transition was observed at 1115(34) keV. Both transitions were tentatively assigned as the $2^+_1 \rightarrow 0^+_{gs}$ decays, and were compared to results from ab initio and conventional shell-model approaches. A shell-model calculation in a wide model space with a marginally modified effective nucleon-nucleon interaction depicts excellent agreement with experiment for $2^+_1$ level energies, two-neutron separation energies, and reaction cross sections, corroborating the formation of a new nuclear shell above the $N$ = 34 shell. Its constituents, the $0f_{5/2}$ and $0g_{9/2}$ orbitals, are almost degenerate. This degeneracy precludes the possibility for a doubly magic $^{60}$Ca and potentially drives the dripline of Ca isotopes to $^{70}$Ca or even beyond.
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