Mass Measurement of $^{27}$P to Constrain Type-I X-ray Burst Models and Validate the IMME for the A=27, T=$\frac{3}{2}$ Isospin Quartet

I. T. Yandow, A. Abdullah-Smoot, G. Bollen, A. Hamaker, C. R. Nicoloff, D. Puentes, M. Redshaw, K. Gulyuz, Z. Meisel, W. -J. Ong, R. Ringle, R. Sandler, S. Schwarz, C. S. Sumithrarachchi, A. A. Valverde
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE)
2023-06-15 16:00:00
Light curves are the primary observable of type-I x-ray bursts. Computational x-ray burst models must match simulations to observed light curves. Most of the error in simulated curves comes from uncertainties in $rp$ process reaction rates, which can be reduced via precision mass measurements of neutron-deficient isotopes in the $rp$ process path. We perform a precise Penning trap mass measurement of $^{27}$P utilizing the ToF-ICR technique. We use this measurement to calculate $rp$ process reaction rates and input these rates into an x-ray burst model to reduce simulated light curve uncertainty. We also use the mass measurement of $^{27}$P to validate the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation (IMME) for the A=27 T=$\frac{3}{2}$ isospin quartet which $^{27}$P belongs to. The mass excess of $^{27}$P was measured to be -670.7(6) keV, a fourteen-fold precision increase over the mass reported in the 2020 Atomic Mass Evaluation (AME2020). X-ray burst light curves were produced with the MESA (Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics) code using the new mass and associated reaction rates. Changes in the mass of $^{27}$P seem to have minimal effect on light curves, even in burster systems tailored to maximize impact. The mass of $^{27}$P does not play a significant role in x-ray burst light curves. It is important to understand that more advanced models do not just provide more precise results, but often qualitatively different ones. This result brings us a step closer to extracting stellar parameters from individual x-ray burst observations. The IMME has been validated for the $A=27, T=3/2$ quartet. The normal quadratic form of the IMME using the latest data yields a reduced $\chi^2$ of 2.9. The cubic term required to generate an exact fit to the latest data matches theoretical attempts to predict this term.
PDF: Mass Measurement of $^{27}$P to Constrain Type-I X-ray Burst Models and Validate the IMME for the A=27, T=$\frac{3}{2}$ Isospin Quartet.pdf
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