Measurement of $^{144}$Sm(p,$\gamma$) cross-section at Gamow energies

Tanmoy Bar, Dipali Basak, Lalit Kumar Sahoo, Sukhendu Saha, Jagannath Datta, Sandipan Dasgupta, Chinmay Basu
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
2024-01-07 00:00:00
The cross-section measurement of $^{144}$Sm(p, $\gamma$)$^{145}$Eu (T$_{1/2}=$5.93(4) days) reaction has been performed at proton energies around 2.6, 3.1, 3.7, 4.1, 4.2, 4.7, 5.1, 5.5, 5.9, 6.4, 6.8 MeV using the activation technique. These energies correspond to the Gamow window for 3, 4 GK and a partial portion for 2 GK. $^{144}$Sm has been chosen for the present study because of its significantly higher abundance compared to the other neighboring $p$-nuclides (Z $>$ 50). The astrophysical $S-$factor of this reaction has been measured for the first time at E$^{cm}_p=$ 2.57$\pm$0.13 MeV, $S-$ factor$=$2.542$\pm$1.152($\times$10$^{10}$) MeV-b. Cross-section data were compared with the previously measured experimental data from literature and the theoretical predictions obtained using Hauser-Feshbach statistical model codes TALYS 1.96 and NON-SMOKER. A satisfactory agreement between experimental data and theoretical results was observed. Molecular deposition technique was used to prepare the $^{144}$Sm targets having thickness between 100$-$350 $\mu$g/cm$^2$ on Al backing. Obtained results were utilized to predict the reaction rates for $^{144}$Sm (p, $\gamma$) and $^{145}$Eu ($\gamma$, p) reactions using TALYS 1.96 and the reciprocity theorem.
PDF: Measurement of $^{144}$Sm(p,$\gamma$) cross-section at Gamow energies.pdf
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