Measurement of fragment-correlated $\gamma$-ray emission from $^{252}$Cf(sf)

Stefano Marin, Ivan A. Tolstukhin, Nathan P. Giha, Fredrik Tovesson, Vladimir Protopopescu, Sara A. Pozzi
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex)
2023-11-24 00:00:00
This paper presents recent experimental results on the yield of prompt fission $\gamma$ rays from the spontaneous fission of $^{252}$Cf. We use an ionization chamber to tag fission events and measure the masses and kinetic energies of the fission fragments and trans-stilbene organic scintillators to measure the neutrons and $\gamma$ rays emitted by the fission fragments. The combination of the ionization chamber and trans-stilbene scintillators allows us to determine the properties of neutrons and $\gamma$ rays in coincidence with the fragments. The yield of $\gamma$ rays is known to be influenced by the angular momenta (AM) of the fission fragments. We present new experimental evidence that indicates that the total $\gamma$-ray multiplicity, i.e., the sum of both fragments' emission, saturates at sufficiently high internal fragment excitation energies. We also observe distinct behaviors for the yield of $\gamma$ rays from the light and heavy fragment, which for certain mass and total kinetic energy (TKE) regions are weakly or anti-correlated, indicating the presence of complex AM generation modes. We also observed a mass- and TKE-dependent anisotropy of the $\gamma$ rays, which challenges and expands on the conventional notion that the fragments' AM are always aligned perpendicularly to the fission axis. Moreover, the dependence of the anisotropy on mass and TKE indicates a dependence of these properties on the specific fission channels, thus providing an insight into the deformations and dynamics in fission and their connection with experimentally observable quantities.
PDF: Measurement of fragment-correlated $\gamma$-ray emission from $^{252}$Cf(sf).pdf
Empowered by ChatGPT