New Measurement of the Hoyle State Radiative Transition Width

T. K. Rana, Deepak Pandit, S. Manna, S. Kundu, K. Banerjee, A. Sen, R. Pandey, G. Mukherjee, T. K. Ghosh, S. S. Nayak, R. Shil, P. Karmakar, K. Atreya, K. Rani, D. Paul, Rajkumar Santra, A. Sultana, S. Basu, S. Pal, S. Sadhukhan, Debasish Mondal, S. Mukhopadhyay, Srijit Bhattacharya, Surajit Pal, Pankaj Pant, Pratap Roy, Sk M. Ali, S. Mondal, A. De, Balaram Dey, R. Datta, S. Bhattacharya, C. Bhattacharya
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex)
2023-11-15 00:00:00
The radiative decay of the Hoyle state is the doorway to the production of heavier elements in stellar environment. Here we report, an exclusive measurement of electric quadruple (E$_2$) transitions of the Hoyle state to the ground state of $^{12}$C through the $^{12}$C(p, p$^\prime$$\gamma$$\gamma$)$^{12}$C reaction. Triple coincidence measurement yields a value of radiative branching ratio $\Gamma_{rad}$/$\Gamma$ = 4.01 (30) $\times$ 10$^{-4}$. The result has been corroborated by an independent experiment based on the complete kinematical measurement $via.$ $^{12}$C(p, p$^\prime$)$^{12}$C reaction ($\Gamma_{rad}$/$\Gamma$ = 4.04 (30) $\times$ 10$^{-4}$). Using our results together with the currently adopted values of $\Gamma_{\pi}$(E$_0$)/$\Gamma$ and $\Gamma_{\pi}$($E_0$), the radiative width of the Hoyle state is found to be 3.75 (40) $\times$ 10$^{-3}$ eV. We emphasize here that our result is not in agreement with 34 $\%$ increase in the radiative decay width of the Hoyle state measured recently but consistent with the currently adopted value.
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