Rotation of pear-shaped $^{100}$Ru nucleus

A. Karmakar, P. Datta, Soumik Bhattacharya, Shabir Dar, S. Bhattacharyya, G. Mukherjee, H. Pai, S. Basu, S. Nandi, S. S. Nayak, Sneha Das, R. Raut, S. S. Ghugre, Sajad Ali, R. Banik, W. Shaikh, S. Chattopadhyay
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
2023-06-12 16:00:00
Atomic nuclei in general can have deformed shapes and nearly all these shapes are symmetric with respect to reflection. Only a few Actinide nuclei have stable reflection asymmetric pear shapes in their ground state and exhibit characteristic rotational bands. In this article, we report on the observation of two alternate parity rotational bands in 100Ru, which are connected by seven interleaved electric dipole transitions and their rates are found to be enhanced. In addition, the moments of inertia associated with these two opposite parity rotational bands have been found to be similar. These experimental observations indicate the rotation of a stable pear-shaped 100Ru nucleus, which is the first such observation outside the Actinide mass region. This shape is built on an excited configuration and originates from the rotational alignment of the angular momenta of a pair of neutrons. This unique observation establishes an alternate mechanism by which an atomic nucleus can assume a pear shape.
PDF: Rotation of pear-shaped $^{100}$Ru nucleus.pdf
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