Simultaneous $\gamma$-ray and electron spectroscopy of $^{182,184,186}$Hg isotopes

M. Stryjczyk, B. Andel, J. G. Cubiss, K. Rezynkina, T. R. Rodríguez, J. E. García-Ramos, A. N. Andreyev, J. Pakarinen, P. Van Duppen, S. Antalic, T. Berry, M. J. G. Borge, C. Clisu, D. M. Cox, H. De Witte, L. M. Fraile, H. O. U. Fynbo, L. P. Gaffney, L. J. Harkness-Brennan, M. Huyse, A. Illana, D. S. Judson, J. Konki, J. Kurcewicz, I. Lazarus, R. Lica, M. Madurga, N. Marginean, R. Marginean, C. Mihai, P. Mosat, E. Nacher, A. Negret, J. Ojala, J. D. Ovejas, R. D. Page, P. Papadakis, S. Pascu, A. Perea, Zs. Podolyák, L. Próchniak, V. Pucknell, E. Rapisarda, F. Rotaru, C. Sotty, O. Tengblad, V. Vedia, S. Viñals, R. Wadsworth, N. Warr, K. Wrzosek-Lipska
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
Phys. Rev. C 108, 014308 (2023)
2023-05-24 16:00:00
Background: The mercury isotopes around $N=104$ are a well-known example of nuclei exhibiting shape coexistence. Mixing of configurations can be studied by measuring the monopole strength $\rho^2(E0)$, however, currently the experimental information is scarce and lacks precision, especially for the $I^\pi \rightarrow I^\pi$ ($I \neq 0$) transitions. Purpose: The goals of this study were to increase the precision of the known branching ratios and internal conversion coefficients, to increase the amount of available information regarding excited states in $^{182,184,186}$Hg and to interpret the results in the framework of shape coexistence using different models. Method: The low-energy structures in $^{182,184,186}$Hg were populated in the $\beta$ decay of $^{182,184,186}$Tl, produced at ISOLDE and purified by laser ionization and mass separation. The $\gamma$-ray and internal conversion electron events were detected by five germanium clover detectors and a segmented silicon detector, respectively, and correlated in time to build decay schemes. Results: In total, 193, 178 and 156 transitions, including 144, 140 and 108 observed for the first time in a $\beta$-decay experiment, were assigned to $^{182,184,186}$Hg, respectively. Internal conversion coefficients were determined for 23 transitions, out of which 12 had an $E0$ component. Extracted branching ratios allowed the sign of the interference term in $^{182}$Hg as well as $\rho^2(E0;0^+_2\rightarrow 0^+_1)$ and $B(E2;0^+_2\rightarrow 2^+_1)$ in $^{184}$Hg to be determined. By means of electron-electron coincidences, the $0^+_3$ state was identified in $^{184}$Hg. The experimental results were qualitatively reproduced by five theoretical approaches, the IBM with configuration mixing with two different parametrizations, the General Bohr Hamiltonian, the BMF model and the SCCM model. However, a quantitative description is lacking.
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