Understanding Excitations in $^{59,61}$Co, $^{59}$Ni

Samuel Ajayi, Vandana Tripathi, E. Rubino, Soumik Bhattacharya, L. T. Baby, R. S. Lubna, C. Benetti, Catur Wibisono, S. L. Tabor, Yutaka Utsuno, Noritaka Shimizu, J. M. Allmond
Nuclear Experiment, Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex), Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
2023-06-25 16:00:00
High spin states in $^{59}$Co ($Z=27$), $^{59}$Ni ($Z=28$) and $^{61}$Co have been populated by the fusion evaporation reactions, $^{48}$Ti($^{14}$C, p2n)$^{59}$Co, $^{48}$Ti($^{14}$C, 3n)$^{59}$Ni, and $^{50}$Ti($^{14}$C, p2n)$^{61}$Co. The 9 MV tandem accelerator at the John D Fox Laboratory, Florida State University (FSU) was used to accelerate the $^{14}$C beam and the de-exciting $\gamma$ rays were detected by the FSU detector array consisting of six High Purity Germanium (HPGe) clover detectors, and three single crystals. Directional correlation of the $\gamma$ rays de-exciting oriented states (DCO ratios) and polarization asymmetry measurements helped to establish spin and parities of the excited states whenever possible. The level scheme of $^{59}$Co has been expanded with the inclusion of positive parity states up to 31/2$^+$ at around 11 MeV. The $^{59}$Ni positive parity states known from previous study were verified with modifications to some of the spins and parities. On the other hand, the negative parity states were extended to 31/2 at an excitation energy of 12 MeV. No new transition was observed for $^{61}$Co, but one of the major bands has been reassigned as consisting of positive parity states by reason of this study which is a candidate for magnetic rotation band. Cross shell excitations were observed in the three nuclei studied and the prominent role of excitation to g$_{9/2}$ orbital crossing the $N=40$ shell gap was established in relation to collective excitation in these nuclei by comparison with large-scale shell model calculations.
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